Tuesday, 16 January 2024 00:00

Gout and Its Causes

Gout, an inflammatory arthritis, is a condition characterized by sudden, intense pain, redness, and swelling in the joints, most commonly affecting the big toe. The root cause of gout lies in the accumulation of urate crystals in the affected joints, leading to excruciating bouts of pain. Urate crystals form when the body produces excessive uric acid or fails to eliminate it efficiently. High levels of uric acid can result from dietary factors, particularly the consumption of purine-rich foods, like red meat, seafood, and alcohol. A genetic predisposition and certain medical conditions, such as kidney dysfunction, contribute to the likelihood of developing gout. Obesity and dehydration also play roles in exacerbating the condition. Understanding the definition and causes of gout is critical for individuals, enabling them to make informed lifestyle choices and dietary adjustments to manage and prevent the recurrent pain associated with this arthritic condition. If you have developed gout, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you manage this condition. 

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Toms River Podiatrist . Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.


  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Toms River, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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